For the most up most up-to-date rules and regulations we always recommend you check with the DAFM (Department of Agriculture, Fisheries & Marine). Their page about Pet Travel can be seen here. These rules are for dogs born outside of Ireland and that are imported into Ireland. They also apply to Irish dogs returning from a holiday abroad. A different set of rules apply if you are importing the dog directly yourself, or if you are travelling and bringing a dog back from another country.
Here is a quick summary of the rules:
- As with all dogs, to sell a dog in Ireland it has to be registered on one of the 4 Irish dog databases.
- Dogs have to have a EU pet passport or EU Health Certificate. This should be presented to you when you view the dog.
- All imported dogs are required to be vaccinated for rabies. Pets have to be at least 12 weeks old when they are given this. After the dog has been vaccinated against rabies, owners have to wait a minimum 3 weeks before they can bring those dogs into Ireland. If the datasheet of the vaccination used says that immunity is not present until day 30 after vaccination, then the dog must wait 30 days before travel. This rabies cert needs to be valid for 1 or 3 years.
- For older dogs, they need to show a consistent history of rabies vaccinations, and the 3 weeks rule may not apply.
- All dogs must be treated for tapeworm (Echinococcus multilocularis) 1-5 days before they travel to Ireland.
- All treatments should be recorded in the Pet Passport or EU Health Certificate. It should have the details of when the the treatments were administered, by what vet and details of the batch of drugs.
What’s in these health documents
An example of an EU Health Certificate can be seen here. EU pet passports are only available if the dog is originating in an EU country.
An EU Pet Passport contains the following information:
- Name, Address, Passport Number and Phone number of the owner
- Description of the dog (name, species, breed, date of birth, colour, etc.)
- Microchip details
- Vets details
- Rabies vaccination certificate & rabies antibodies results
- A photograph (optional)
- Echinococcus treatment records
- Parasite treament records
- Additional vaccinations details
Importing dogs without rabies vaccination
There is an EU rule, Intra-Union Trade that has some exception cases, around rabies vaccinations. This is not supported in Ireland. This rule states:
Regarding the vaccination against rabies:
EU countries may authorise the trade in young dogs, cats and ferrets which are less than 12 weeks old and have not received an anti-rabies vaccination or are between 12 and 16 weeks old and have received an anti-rabies vaccination, but 21 days have not elapsed since the completion of the vaccination protocol for the primary vaccination against rabies carried out in accordance with the validity requirements set out in Annex III to Regulation (EU) No 576/2013.
In that case, the animals must be accompanied by either:
a declaration of the owner (see model set out in Part 1 of Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 577/2013) attached to the health certificate stating that from birth until the time of dispatch, the animals have had no contact with wild animals of species susceptible to rabies, orEuropa.eu
The EU legislation says ‘EU countries may authorise’ which means it is up to the individual country to decide whether to authorise this. You can a see the list here of countries that allow for this, and Ireland is not one of them.
This means that it is not possible to have a dog in Ireland that was born outside Ireland which is imported into Ireland before it is at least 15 weeks old. Dogs have to be at least 12 weeks old before they get their rabies vaccination, and then wait a remaining 3 weeks minimum (21 days) before that vaccine is deemed effective.
Ireland and rabies
Ireland is proud of its rabies free status, and there hasn’t been a case in Ireland since 1902. Dogs as well as foxes, raccoons, bats and skunks can all act as reservoirs for rabies. There are a number of strict measures to keep Ireland rabies free. Contracting rabies requires a deep bite from a rabid animal, you can read more about this from the HSE Factsheet on Rabies.
Imported dogs on Dogs.ie
It’s often the case that dogs from other European countries are posted for sale. Here are a few notes on imported dogs on Dogs.ie:
- All dogs need to be physically in Ireland before they can be advertised.
- All dogs need to be microchipped and registered in an approved Irish microchip registry.
- All imported dogs need their relevant EU Pet Passport or EU Health Certificate
- All dogs will need to be over 15 weeks of age, due to
- Dogs must be 12 weeks or older to receive their rabies shot
- An additional 3 weeks is needed for this vaccine to be effective